There are numerous varieties of pearls in existence. Pearl Shine’s knowledge base states that the pearls can be divided into saltwater and Freshwater. The most expensive pearls are relatively uncommon but exist naturally in the wild. The pearls sold today are cultured or farmed from mussels and pearl oysters. Cultured pearls make up more than 99% of the pearls on the market. As a result, we’ll describe each form of pearl in detail.
What types of saltwater pearls are there? #
Akoya Pearls #
Japan is the primary producer of Akoya pearls. Marsh shellfish is the creature’s mother. Typically, a mottled shellfish can only produce one Akoya pearl. The Akoya pearl is relatively small for the size of the speckled shellfish. 2 to 11 mm is typically regarded as a sizeable Akoya pearl. These farmed pearls with bead nuclei are infamous for having an exact round form. The farmer and vendors refer to Akoya pearls as “Eight Way Rollers” because they will roll evenly in all directions when placed on a level surface.
Tahitian Pearls #
The mother shells for Tahitian pearls, often known as black pearls, are black butterfly shells from the South Pacific. While the number of pearls larger than 13 mm rapidly declines, the bulk of pearls has a diameter between 9 and 14 mm. Green, pink, blue, silver, and yellow undertones and overtones can all be present. Genuine black Tahitian pearls are incredibly rare and frequently regarded as some of the most exquisite. Only 50 of the 100 pearl-cultured black plate shells may produce pearls, and only 5 of those pearls are flawless. Each pearl is, therefore, valuable.
Golden South Sea Pearls #
The golden colour of south sea pearls is well known. A golden mother-of-pearl lip covers the shell of the medium-sized “gold-lipped” Pinctada Maxima oysters native to this particular region. It is valuable because of its great texture. In addition, that is the pearl’s highest grade. Nevertheless, there is little gold bead production. The diameter typically ranges from 8 to 18 mm, and a quality of more than 16 mm is exceptionally uncommon and has a collectable value.
White South Sea Pearls #
Australian South Sea Pearl is another name for Australian White. Australian white pearls are relatively giant, with the standard size being 8 to 20 mm, as it is the world’s most giant oyster for producing pearls. Of all pearl oysters, the Australian White has the most extended growth cycle, typically over 3-5 years. Therefore, Australian White is the “Queen of Pearls” and one of the most fabulous pearls.
Mabé pearls #
The term “Mabé pearls”, which is pronounced: “mar-bay”, is derived from the Japanese term “Mabé gai,” which refers to a specific variety of winged oysters. Mabei pearls are regenerated, and because their mother shells are enormous, their cores are similarly massive, typically 10 mm or even 15 mm in diameter. It can even
Seedless Freshwater Pearl #
Seedless pearls are generally freshwater pearls. A 4-5 year growing period is involved. Because they are seedless implants, most Freshwater beads are not spherical. More than 20 pearls can be taken out of a mature pearl oyster. But you only get to pick one out of every hundred to locate the ideal one.
Nucleated Freshwater Pearls #
The most famous nucleated freshwater pearls are Edison pearls. It is named after the scientist Edison but is truly “made in China” The reason why it is called “Edison” is because the inventor Edison once said that “there are two things that I cannot manufacture in the laboratory, that is, pearls and diamonds”. Edison pearls come in a variety of colors, mainly white, orange and purple. And the size is larger, the diameter is usually between 4-16mm.
Typical sizes of different types of pearls defined by GIA